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Doing Your Taxes: Filing Income Tax Returns

Can I work legally in Canada if I am under 18 years old?


You can work in Canada if you are 15 years old and you have a valid work permit.

Who needs a work permit?

You need a work permit to work if you are not a permanent resident or a Canadian citizen.

See the CRC resource on applying for a work permit to learn about getting one.

To learn more about finding work, making a resume, getting ready for an interview and other topics about working, check out this website.

What is income tax?

Every person who is working in Canada pays money to the government.

The amount that you pay depends on how much money you make. It is calculated as a % of the money you make from working.

The government uses this money to pay for things like roads, health care and schools.

How do I pay my income tax?

If you have a job:

Most employers will take income tax off of your paycheck and send it directly to the government.

This is why your paycheck might be less than you thought it would be.

If you are working for yourself:

And you don’t have a boss, you will need to send income tax to the government each year.

You can send this money to the government through online banking. Your bank can help you set this up if you need it.

You can do this after you fill out your tax paperwork and you know how much you owe the government.

Filling out your tax paperwork is called “Filing your taxes.”

How do I file my taxes?

You will need to make sure that you have a Social Insurance Number (SIN) to file your taxes.

You can file your taxes using paper forms or you can use an online tax filing service.

It can be difficult to file your taxes the first couple of times in Canada

Especially if you are a refugee claimant or have another temporary immigration status. We recommend that you get help from an organization that provides free tax help.

This government of Canada website can help you find a free tax clinic near you.

What are the benefits of filing my taxes?

You might get money back!

If the government decides that you do not make very much money, you might get something called a “tax return,” which will give you back some of the money that was already taken off your paycheck.

You might also get money back through special tax programs for low income people or other programs.

Do I need to file my taxes if I am working but I am under 18?


Everyone in Canada who is making money from any kind of work needs to file their taxes

You need to file your taxes even if your employer already sent your income tax directly to the government.

What happens if I don’t file my taxes?

There are some special programs, like health benefits, that you can only access if you file your taxes.

If you work for yourself and you owe the government money, you will have to pay extra if you file your taxes late.

Read more about filing income taxes on this website